said: O Krishna, who is the Eternal Being or the Spirit?
What is the nature of the Eternal Being? What is Karma? Who are
the mortal beings? And who are Temporal Beings? Who is the Supreme
Being, and how does He dwell in the body? How can You, the Supreme
Being, be remembered at the time of death by those who have control
over their minds, O Krishna?
OF SUPREME SPIRIT, SPIRIT, INDIVIDUAL SOUL, AND KARMA
Krishna said: The eternal and immutable Spirit of the Supreme Being
is also called Eternal Being or the Spirit. The inherent power of
cognition and desire of Eternal Being (Spirit) is called the nature
of Eternal Being. The creative power of Eternal Being (or Spirit)
that causes manifestation of the living entity is called Karma.
expansions of the Supreme Being are also called Temporal Beings
or Divine Beings. The Supreme Being also resides inside the physical
bodies as the divine Controller.
OF REINCARNATION AND KARMA
one who remembers the Supreme Being exclusively even while leaving
the body at the time of death, attains the Supreme Abode; there
is no doubt about it.
whatever object one leaves the body at the end of life, one attains
that object. Thought of whatever object prevails during one's lifetime,
one remembers only that object at the end of life and achieves it.
SIMPLE METHOD OF GOD-REALIZATION
always remember Me and do your duty. You shall certainly attain
Me if your mind and intellect are ever focused on Me.
contemplating on Me with an unwavering mind that is disciplined
by the practice of meditation, one attains the Supreme Being, O
who meditates on the Supreme Being ¾ as the omniscient, the
oldest, the controller, smaller than the smallest and bigger than
the biggest, the sustainer of everything, the inconceivable, the
self-luminous like the sun, and transcendental (or beyond the material
reality) ¾ at the time of death with steadfast mind and devotion
by making the flow of bioimpulses rise up to the middle of the eye
brows by the power of yogic practices; one attains the Supreme Being.
I shall briefly explain the process to attain the Supreme Abode
that the knowers of the Veda call immutable; into which the ascetics,
freed from attachment, enter; and desiring which people lead a life
SALVATION BY MEDITATING ON GOD AT THE TIME OF DEATH
one leaves the physical body by controlling all the senses; focusing
the mind on God, and the bioimpulses (Pranas) in the cerebrum; engaged
in yogic practice; meditating on Me and uttering OM ¾ the
sacred monosyllable sound power of Spirit ¾ one attains the
am easily attainable, O Arjuna, by that ever steadfast devotee who
always thinks of Me and whose mind does not go elsewhere.
attaining Me, the great souls do not incur rebirth in this miserable
transitory world, because they have attained the highest perfection.
dwellers of all the worlds ¾ up to and including the world
of the creator ¾ are subject to the miseries of repeated
birth and death. But, after attaining Me, O Arjuna, one does not
take birth again.
IN THE CREATION IS CYCLIC
who know that the duration of creation lasts 4.32 billion years
and that the duration of destruction also lasts 4.32 billion years,
they are the knowers of the cycles of creation and destruction.
manifestations come out of the primary material Nature during the
creative cycle, and they merge into the primary material Nature
during the destructive cycle.
same multitude of beings comes into existence again and again at
the arrival of the creative cycle; and is annihilated, inevitably,
at the arrival of the destructive cycle.
is another eternal transcendental existence ¾ higher than
the changeable material Nature ¾ called Eternal Being or
Spirit that does not perish when all created beings perish. This
is also called the Supreme Abode. Those who attain the Supreme Abode
do not take birth again.
BASIC PATHS OF DEPARTURE FROM THE WORLD
Supreme Abode, O Arjuna, is attainable by unswerving devotion to
Me within which all beings exist, and by which the entire universe
Arjun, now I shall describe different paths departing by
which, after death, the yogis do or do not come back.
gradually, after death, through celestial controllers of fire, light,
daytime, the bright lunar fortnight, and the six months of the northern
solstice of the sun, yogis who know the Self attain supreme abode
(and do not come back to earth).
gradually, after death, through celestial controllers of smoke,
night, the dark lunar fortnight, and the six months of southern
solstice of the sun, the righteous person attains heaven and comes
back to earth again.
path of light of spiritual practice and Self-knowledge and the path
of darkness of materialism and ignorance are thought to be the world’s
two eternal paths. The former leads to salvation and the latter
leads to rebirth as human beings.
KNOWLEDGE LEADS TO SALVATION
these two paths, O Arjuna, a yogi is not bewildered at all. Therefore,
one should be resolute in attaining salvation — the goal of
human birth — at all times.
one who knows all this knowledge goes beyond getting the benefits
of the study of the Vedas, performance of sacrifices, austerities,
and charities; and attains salvation.