Krishna said: O Arjuna, listen how you shall know Me fully without
any doubt, with your mind absorbed in Me, taking refuge in Me, and
performing yogic practices.
KNOWLEDGE IS THE ULTIMATE KNOWLEDGE: I shall impart you Self-knowledge
together with enlightenment, after comprehending that nothing more
remains to be known in this world.
ARE VERY FEW
one out of thousands of persons strives for perfection of Self-realization.
Scarcely one among those successful strivers truly understands Me.
OF MATTER, CONSCIOUSNESS, AND SPIRIT
mind, intellect, ego, ether, air, fire, water, and earth are the
eightfold division of My material energy.
material Nature or matter is My lower Nature. My other higher Nature
is the Spirit by which this entire universe is sustained, O Arjuna.
SPIRIT IS THE BASIS OF MATTER, CONSCIOUSNESS, AND SPIRIT
that all creatures have evolved from this twofold energy; and the
Supreme Spirit is the source of origin as well as dissolution of
the entire universe.
is nothing higher than the Supreme Being, O Arjuna. Everything in
the universe is strung on the Supreme Being, like jewels are strung
on the thread of a necklace.
SPIRIT IS THE BASIS OF EVERYTHING
Arjuna, I am the sapidity in the water, I am the radiance
in the sun and the moon, the sacred syllable OM in all the Vedas,
the sound in the ether, and potency in human beings. I am the sweet
fragrance in the earth. I am the heat in the fire, the life in all
living beings, and the austerity in the ascetics.
Arjuna, know Me to be the eternal seed of all creatures.
I am the intelligence of the intelligent, and the brilliance of
the brilliant. (See also 9.18 and 10.39). I am the strength of the
strong who is devoid of selfish attachment. I am the lust in human
beings that is devoid of sense gratification, and is in accord with
Dharma (for the sacred purpose of procreation after marriage), O
that three modes of material Nature ¾ goodness, passion,
and ignorance ¾ also emanate from Me. I am not dependent
on, or affected by, the modes of material Nature; but the modes
of material Nature are dependent on Me.
beings are deluded by various aspects of these three modes of material
Nature; therefore, they do not know Me, who is eternal and above
TO OVERCOME THE DELUSIVE DIVINE POWER (MAYA)
divine power (Maya) of Mine, consisting of three states of matter
or mind, is very difficult to overcome. Only those who surrender
unto Me easily cross over this Maya.
evil doers, the ignorant, the lowest persons who are attached to
demonic nature, and whose power of discrimination has been taken
away by divine illusive power (Maya) do not worship or seek Me.
types of virtuous ones worship or seek Me, O Arjuna. They are: The
distressed, the seeker of Self-knowledge, the seeker of wealth,
and the enlightened one who has experienced the Supreme Being.
them the enlightened devotee, who is ever united with Me and whose
devotion is single-minded, is the best. Because I am very dear to
the enlightened, and the enlightened is very dear to Me.
these seekers are indeed noble. But, I regard the enlightened devotee
as My very Self, because the one who is steadfast abides in My Supreme
many births the enlightened one resorts to Me by realizing that
everything is, indeed, My (or Supreme Being’s) manifestation.
Such a great soul is very rare.
whose discernment has been carried away by various desires impelled
by their Karmic impression, resort to celestial controllers and
practice various religious rites.
OF DEITY IS ALSO A WORSHIP OF GOD
desires to worship whatever deity — using any name, form,
and method — with faith, I make their faith steady in that
very deity. Endowed with steady faith they worship that deity, and
obtain their wishes through that deity. Those wishes are, indeed,
granted only by Me.
material gains of these less intelligent human beings are temporary.
The worshipers of celestial controllers go to celestial controllers,
but My devotees certainly come to Me.
CAN BE SEEN IN AN IMAGE OF ANY DESIRED FORM OF WORSHIP
ignorant ones — unable to understand My immutable, incomparable,
incomprehensible, and transcendental form — assume that I,
the Supreme Being, am formless and take forms or incarnate. Concealed
by My divine power (Maya), I do not reveal Myself to such ignorants
who do not know and understand My unborn, eternal, and transcendental
form and personality.
know, O Arjuna, the beings of the past, of the present, and those
of the future, but no one really knows Me.
beings in this world are in utter ignorance due to delusion of pairs
of opposites born of likes and dislikes, O Arjuna. But persons of
unselfish deeds, whose Karma or sin has come to an end, become free
from the delusion of pairs of opposites and worship Me with firm
who strive for freedom from the cycles of birth, old age, and death
— by taking refuge in God — fully comprehend the true
nature and powers of the Supreme.
steadfast persons, who know Me alone as the basis of all ¾
the mortal beings, Temporal Beings, and the Eternal Being ¾
even at the time of death, attain Me.