asked: O Krishna, You praise the path of transcendental
knowledge, and also the path of performance of selfless service
(Karma-yoga). Tell me, definitely, which one is the better of the
Krishna said: The path of Self-knowledge and the path of selfless
service both lead to the supreme goal. But, of the two, the path
of selfless service is superior to path of Self-knowledge, because
it is easier to practice.
person should be considered a true renunciant who has neither attachment
nor aversionfor anything. One is easily liberated from Karmic bondage
by becoming free from attachment and aversion.
PATHS LEAD TO SUPREME
ignorant — not the wise — consider the path of Self-knowledge
and the path of selfless service (Karma-yoga) as different from
each other. The person, who has truly mastered one, gets the benefits
goal a renunciant reaches, a Karma-yogi also reaches the same goal.
Therefore, the one who sees the path of renunciation and the path
of unselfish work as the same really sees.
true renunciation, O Arjuna, is difficult to attain
without Karma-yoga. A sage equipped with Karma-yoga quickly attains
Karma-yogi, whose mind is pure, whose mind and senses are under
control, and who sees one and the same Spirit in all beings, is
not bound by Karma though engaged in work.
TRANSCENDENTALIST DOES NOT CONSIDER ONESELF AS THE DOER
wise who knows the truth thinks: "I do nothing at all."
In seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, eating, walking, sleeping,
breathing; and speaking, giving, taking, as well as opening and
closing the eyes, the wise believes that only the senses are operating
upon their objects.
KARMA-YOGI WORKS FOR GOD
who does all work as an offering to God — abandoning selfish
attachment to results — remains untouched by Karmic reaction
or sin as a lotus leaf never gets wet by water.
Karma-yogis perform action ¾ without selfish attachment ¾
with their body, mind, intellect, and senses only for the purification
of their mind and intellect.
Karma-yogi attains Supreme Bliss by abandoning attachment to the
fruits of work; while others, who are attached to the fruits of
work, become bound by selfish work.
PATH OF KNOWLEDGE
person, who has completely renounced the fruits of all works, dwells
happily in the City of Nine Gates, neither performing nor directing
Lord neither creates the urge for action, nor the feeling of doership,
nor the attachment to the results of action in people. The powers
of material Nature do all these.
Lord does not take the responsibility for the good or evil deeds
of anybody. The veil of ignorance covers the Self-knowledge; thereby
people become deluded and do evil deeds.
knowledge destroys the ignorance of the Spirit and reveals the Supreme
Being just as the sun reveals the beauty of objects of the world.
whose mind and intellect are totally merged in the Supreme Being,
who are firmly devoted to the Supreme, who have God as their supreme
goal and sole refuge, and whose impurities are destroyed by the
knowledge of the self, do not take birth again.
MARKS OF AN ENLIGHTENED PERSON
enlightened person — by perceiving God in all — looks
at a learned person, an outcast, even a cow, an elephant, or a dog
with an equal eye.
has been accomplished in this very life by the one whose mind is
set in equality. Such a person has realized the Supreme Being, because
the Supreme Being is flawless and impartial.
who neither rejoices on obtaining what is pleasant, nor grieves
on obtaining the unpleasant, who has a steady mind, who is undeluded,
and who is a knower of the Supreme Being, such a person eternally
abides with the Supreme Being.
a person who is in union with the Supreme Being becomes unattached
to external sensual pleasures by discovering the joy of the Self
through contemplation, and enjoys transcendental bliss.
pleasures are verily the source of misery, and have a beginning
and an end. Therefore the wise, O Arjuna, does not rejoice in sensual
who is able to withstand the impulse of lust and anger before death
is a yogi, and a happy person.
who finds happiness with the Supreme Being, who rejoices Supreme
Being within, and who is illuminated by Self-knowledge; such a yogi
attains Nirvana, and goes to the Supreme Being.
whose sins (or imperfections) are destroyed, whose doubts have been
dispelled by Self-knowledge, whose minds are disciplined, and who
are engaged in the welfare of all beings, attain the Supreme Being.
who are free from lust and anger, who have subdued the mind and
senses, and who have known the Self, easily attain Nirvana.
THIRD PATH ¾ THE PATH OF DEVOTIONAL MEDITATION AND CONTEMPLATION
sage is verily liberated by renouncing all sense enjoyments, fixing
the eyes and the mind at an imaginary black dot between the eye
brows, equalizing the breath moving through the nostrils by using
yogic techniques, keeping the senses, mind, and intellect under
control, having salvation as the prime goal, and by becoming free
from lust, anger, and fear.
devotee attains peace by knowing the Supreme Being as the enjoyer
of sacrifices and austerities, as the great Lord of the entire universe,
and as the friend of all beings.