AND THE CREATOR
Krishna said: O Arjuna, this physical body, the miniature universe,
may be called the field or creation. One who knows the creation
is called the creator (or Spirit) by the seers of truth.
Arjuna, know Me to be the creator of all the creation. The true
understanding of both the creator and the creation is considered
by Me to be the transcendental knowledge.
the creation is, what it is like, what its transformations are,
where its source is, who that creator is, and what His powers are,
hear all these from Me in brief.
seers have separately described the creation and the creator in
different ways in the Vedic hymns, and also in the conclusive and
convincing verses of other scriptures.
primary material Nature, the cosmic intellect, "I" consciousness
or ego, five basic elements, ten organs, mind, five sense objects;
and desire, hatred, pleasure, pain, the physical body, consciousness,
and resolve ¾ thus the entire field has been briefly described
with its transformations.
FOURFOLD NOBLE TRUTH AS MEANS OF NIRVANA
modesty, nonviolence, forgiveness, honesty, service to guru, purity
of thought, word, and deed, steadfastness, self-control; and aversion
towards sense objects, absence of ego, constant reflection on pain
and suffering inherent in birth, old age, disease, and death.
non-fondness with son, wife, and home; unfailing equanimity upon
attainment of the desirable and the undesirable; and unswerving
devotion to Me through single-minded contemplation, taste for solitude,
distaste for social gatherings and gossips; steadfastness in acquiring
the knowledge of Spirit, and seeing the omnipresent Supreme Being
everywhere ¾ this is said to be knowledge. That which is
contrary to this is ignorance.
CAN BE DESCRIBED BY PARABLES, AND NOT IN ANY OTHER WAY
shall fully describe the object of knowledge. By knowing this one
attains immortality. The beginningless Supreme Being is said to
be neither eternal, nor temporal.
Spirit has His hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth, and ears everywhere,
because He is all-pervading and omnipresent.
is the perceiver of all sense objects without the physical sense
organs; unattached, and yet the sustainer of all; devoid of the
three modes of material Nature, and yet the enjoyer of the modes
of material Nature by becoming a living entity.
is inside as well as outside all beings, animate and inanimate.
He is incomprehensible because of His subtlety. And because of His
omnipresence, He is very near ¾ residing in one’s inner
psyche; as well as far away ¾ in the Supreme Abode.
is undivided, and yet appears to exist as if divided in beings.
He is the object of knowledge, and appears as the creator, sustainer,
and destroyer of all beings.
Supreme Being is the source of all lights. He is said to be beyond
darkness of ignorance. He is the Self-knowledge, the object of Self-knowledge,
and seated in the inner psyche as consciousness (See verse 18.61)
of all beings, He is to be realized by Self-knowledge.
the creation as well as the knowledge and the object of knowledge
have been briefly described by Me. Having understood this, My devotee
attains My Supreme Abode.
DESCRIPTION OF THE SUPREME SPIRIT, SPIRIT, MATERIAL NATURE, AND
THE INDIVIDUAL SOULS
that both the material Nature and the Spiritual Being are beginningless.
All manifestations and three dispositions of mind and matter, called
modes, are born of material Nature. Material Nature is said to be
the cause of production of physical body and organs of perception
and action. Spirit (or Consciousness) is said to be the cause of
experiencing pleasures and pains.
Being enjoys three modes of material Nature by associating with
the material Nature. Attachment to the three modes of material Nature
due to ignorance caused by previous Karma is the cause of birth
of living entity in good and evil wombs.
Spirit in the body is the witness, the guide, the supporter, the
enjoyer, and the controller.
who truly understand Spirit and the material Nature with its three
modes are not born again regardless of their way of life.
perceive the Supersoul in their inner psyche through mind and intellect
that have been purified either by meditation, or by metaphysical
knowledge, or by selfless service.
ALONE CAN LEAD TO NIRVANA
however, do not know the yogas of meditation, knowledge, devotion,
and work; but they perform deity worship with faith as mentioned
in the scriptures by the saints and sages. They also transcend death
by virtue of their firm faith to what they have heard.
is born ¾ animate or inanimate ¾ know them to be born
from the union of Spirit and matter, O Arjuna.
one who sees the same eternal Supreme Lord dwelling as Spirit equally
within all mortal beings truly sees.
one beholds one and the same Lord existing equally in everybeing,
one does not injure anybody; because one considers everything as
one’s own self. And thereupon attains the Supreme Abode.
one who perceives that all works are done by the powers of material
Nature truly understands, and thus does not consider oneself as
moment one discovers diverse variety of beings and their different
ideas abiding in One, and coming out from ‘That’ alone,
one attains the Supreme Being.
OF THE SPIRIT (BRAHM)
of being beginningless and unaffectable by three modes of material
Nature, the eternal Supersoul ¾ even though dwelling in the
body as a living entity ¾ neither does anything nor becomes
tainted, O Arjuna.
as the all-pervading space is not tainted because of its subtlety;
similarly, the Spirit abiding in all bodies is not tainted.
as one sun illuminates the entire world; similarly, Spirit gives
life to the entire creation, O Arjuna.
who perceive — with the eye of Self-knowledge — the
difference between the creation (or the body) and the creator (or
the Spirit) as well as know the technique of liberation of the living
entity from the trap of divine illusory energy (Maya), attain the