OF RENUNCIATION WITH KNOWLEDGE
IS AN ANCIENT FORGOTTEN COMMANDMENT
Krishna said: I taught this Karma-yoga, the eternal science of right
action, to King Vivasvan. Vivasvan taught it to Manu. Manu taught
it to Ikshvaku. Thus handed down in succession the saintly Kings
knew this science of proper action (Karma-yoga). After a long time
this science was lost from this earth. Today I have described the
same ancient science to you, because you are my sincere devotee
and friend. This science is a supreme secret indeed.
said: You were born later, but Vivasvan was born in ancient time.
How am I to understand that You taught this science in the beginning
of the creation?
PURPOSE OF INCARNATION OF GOD
Krishna said: Both you and I have taken many births. I remember
them all, O Arjuna, but you do not remember.
I am eternal, immutable, and the Lord of all beings, yet I manifest
Myself by controlling the material Nature using My own divine potential
there is a decline of Dharma (Righteousness) and a predominance
of Adharma (Unrighteousness), O Arjuna, then I manifest Myself.
I appear from time to time for protecting the good, for transforming
the wicked, and for establishing world order (Dharma).
one who truly understands My transcendental appearance, and activities
of creation, maintenance, and dissolution attains My Supreme Abode
and is not born again after leaving this body, O Arjuna.
have become free from attachment, fear, anger, and attained salvation
by taking refuge in Me, by becoming fully absorbed in My thoughts,
and by getting purified by the fire of Self-knowledge.
OF WORSHIP AND PRAYER
whatever motive people worship Me, I fulfill their desires accordingly.
People worship Me with different motives.
who long for success in their work here on the earth worship the
celestial controllers. Success in work comes quickly in this human
OF LABOR IS BASED ON THE APTITUDE OF PEOPLE
created the four divisions of human society based on aptitude and
vocation. Though I am the author of this system of the division
of labor, one should know that I do nothing directly and I am eternal.
do not bind Me, because I have no desire for the fruits of work.
The one who fully understands and practices this truth is also not
bound by Karma.
ancient seekers of salvation also performed their duties with this
understanding. Therefore, you should do your duty as the ancients
DETACHED, AND FORBIDDEN ACTION
the wise ones are confused about what is action and what is inaction.
Therefore, I shall clearly explain what is action, knowing that
one shall be liberated from the evil of birth and death.
true nature of action is very difficult to understand. Therefore,
one should know the nature of attached action, the nature of detached
action, and also the nature of forbidden action.
KARMA-YOGI IS NOT SUBJECT TO THE KARMIC LAWS
one who sees inaction in action, and action in inaction, is a wise
person. Such a person is a yogi and has accomplished everything.
person, whose desires have become selfless by being roasted in the
fire of Self-knowledge, is called a sage by the wise.
one who has abandoned selfish attachment to the fruits of work,
and remains ever content and dependent on no one but God, such a
person ¾ though engaged in activity ¾ does nothing
at all, and incurs no Karmic reaction.
one who is free from desires, whose mind and senses are under control,
and who has renounced all proprietorship, does not incur sin ¾
the Karmic reaction ¾ by doing bodily action.
Karma-yogi ¾ who is content with whatever gain comes naturally
by His will, who is unaffected by pairs of opposites, and free from
envy, equanimous in success and failure ¾ is not bound by
Karmic bonds of a Karma-yogi ¾ who is free from attachment,
whose mind is fixed in Self-knowledge, and who does work as a service
to the Lord ¾ dissolves away
Spirit shall be realized by the one who considers everything as
a manifestation, or an act, of the Spirit.
TYPES OF SPIRITUAL PRACTICES OR SACRIFICES
yogis perform the service of worship to celestial controllers, while
others study scriptures for Self-knowledge. Some restrain their
senses and give up their sensual pleasures. Others perform breathing
and other yogic exercises. Some give charity and offer their wealth
as a sacrifice.
who are engaged in yogic practices, reach the breathless state of
trance by offering inhalation into exhalation and exhalation into
inhalation as a sacrifice (by using short breathing Kriya techniques.
restrict their diet and offer their inhalations as sacrifice into
their inhalations. All these people are the knowers of sacrifice,
and are purified by their sacrifice.
who perform selfless service obtain the nectar of Self-knowledge
as a result of their sacrifice and attain the Supreme Being. O Arjuna,
even this world is not a happy place for the non-sacrificer, how
can the other world be?
types of spiritual disciplines are described in the Vedas. Know
that all of them are the action of body, mind, and senses prompted
by the forces of Nature. Understanding this, one shall attain Nirvana
TRANSCENDENTAL KNOWLEDGE IS A SUPERIOR
transcendental knowledge is superior to any material sacrifice ¾
such as giving charity. Because, purification of mind and intellect
that eventually leads to the dawn of transcendental knowledge and
Self-realization is the sole purpose of any spiritual action.
this transcendental knowledge from a Self-realized master by humble
reverence, by sincere inquiry, and by service. The empowered ones,
who have realized the Truth, will teach you.
knowing the transcendental science, O Arjuna, you shall not again
become deluded like this. With this knowledge you shall see the
entire creation within your own higher Self, and thus within Me.
if one is the most sinful of all sinners, one shall yet cross over
the ocean of sin by the raft of Self-knowledge alone.
the blazing fire reduces wood to ashes; similarly, the fire of Self-knowledge
reduces all bonds of Karma to ashes, O Arjuna.
KNOWLEDGE IS AUTOMATICALLY REVEALED TO
there is no purifier in this world like the true knowledge of the
Supreme Being. One discovers this knowledge within, naturally, in
course of time when one's mind is cleansed of selfishness by Karma-yoga.
one who has faith in God, is sincere in yogic practices, and has
control over the mind and senses gains this transcendental knowledge.
Having gained this knowledge, one quickly attains supreme peace
irrational, the faithless, and the disbeliever (atheist) perishes.
There is neither this world, nor the world beyond, nor happiness
for the disbeliever.
TRANSCENDENTAL KNOWLEDGE AND KARMA-YOGA ARE NEEDED
does not bind a person who has renounced work ¾ by renouncing
the fruits of work ¾ through Karma-yoga, and whose confusion
with regard to body and Spirit is completely destroyed by the application
of Self-knowledge, O Arjuna.
cut the ignorance-born confusion with regard to body and Spirit
by the sword of Self-knowledge, resort to Karma-yoga, and get up
for the war, O Arjun.