PATH OF MEDITATION
KARMA-YOGI IS A RENUNCIANT
Krishna said: One who performs the prescribed duty without seeking
its fruit for personal enjoyment is a renunciant and a Karma-yogi.
One does not become a renunciant merely by not lighting the fire,
and one does not become a yogi merely by abstaining from work.
Arjuna, renunciation (Samnyasa) is same as Karma-yoga.
Because, no one becomes a Karma-yogi who has not renounced the selfish
motive behind an action.
DEFINITION OF YOGA
the wise, who seeks to attain yoga of meditation, or the equanimity
of mind, Karma-yoga is said to be the means. For the one who has
attained yoga, the equanimity becomes the means of Self-realization.
A person is said to have attained yogic perfection when he or she
has no desire for sensual pleasures, or attachment to the fruits
of work, and has renounced all personal selfish motives.
IS THE BEST FRIEND AS WELL AS THE WORST ENEMY
must elevate ¾ and not degrade ¾ oneself by one’s
own mind. The mind alone is one’s friend as well as one’s
enemy. The mind is the friend of those who have control over it,
and the mind acts like an enemy for those who do not control it.
who has control over the lower self ¾ the mind and senses
¾ is tranquil in heat and cold, in pleasure and pain, and
in honor and dishonor, and remains ever steadfast with the supreme
person is called yogi who has both Self-knowledge and Self-realization,
who is equanimous, who has control over the mind and senses, and
to whom a clod, a stone, and gold are the same.
person is considered superior who is impartial towards companions,
friends, enemies, neutrals, arbiters, haters, relatives, saints,
yogi, seated in solitude and alone, should constantly try to contemplate
on a mental picture or just the majesty of the Supreme Being after
bringing the mind and senses under control, and becoming free from
desires and proprietorship.
should sit on his or her own firm seat that is neither too high
nor too low, covered with grass, a deerskin, and a cloth, one over
the other, in a clean spot. Sitting there in a comfortable position
and concentrating the mind on God, controlling the thoughts and
the activities of the senses, one should practice meditation for
should sit by holding the waist, spine, chest, neck, and head erect,
motionless and steady; fix the eyes and the mind steadily on the
front of the nose, without looking around; make your mind serene
and fearless, practice celibacy; have the mind under control, think
of Me, and have Me as the supreme goal.
by always practicing to keep the mind fixed on Me, the yogi whose
mind is subdued attains peace of Nirvana and comes to Me.
yoga is not possible, O Arjuna, for the one who eats too much, or
who does not eat at all; who sleeps too much or too little.
yoga of meditation destroys all sorrow for the one who is moderate
in eating, recreation, working, sleeping, and waking.
person is said to have achieved yoga, the union with the Spirit,
when the perfectly disciplined mind becomes free from all desires,
and gets completely united with the Spirit in trance.
lamp in a spot sheltered by the Spirit from the wind of desires
does not flicker. This simile is used for the subdued mind of a
yogi practicing meditation on the Spirit.
the mind disciplined by the practice of meditation becomes steady,
one becomes content with the Spirit by beholding the Spirit of God
with purified intellect.
feels infinite bliss that is perceivable only through the intellect,
and is beyond the reach of the senses. After realizing the Absolute
Reality, one is never separated from it.
Self-realization (SR), one does not regard any other gain superior
to SR. Established in SR, one is not moved even by the greatest
state of severance of union with sorrow is called yoga. This yoga
should be practiced with firm determination, and without any mental
gradually attains tranquillity of mind by totally abandoning all
selfish desires, completely restraining the senses from the sense
objects by the intellect, and keeping the mind fully absorbed in
the Spirit by means of a well-trained and purified intellect and
thinking of nothing else.
this restless and unsteady mind wanders away, one should (witness
it and) bring it under the watchful eye (supervision, control) of
IS A YOGI
bliss comes to a Self-realized yogi whose mind is tranquil, whose
desires are under control, and who is free from faults.
a sinless yogi, who constantly engages his or her mind and intellect
with the Spirit, easily enjoys the infinite bliss of contact with
yogi, who is in union with the Supreme Being, sees every being with
an equal eye because of perceiving the omnipresent Spirit abiding
in all beings, and all beings abiding in the Supreme Being.
who perceive Me in everything, and behold everything in Me, are
not separated from Me, and I am not separated from them.
non-dualists, who adore Me as abiding in all beings, abide in Me
irrespective of their mode of living.
is considered the best yogi who regards every being like oneself,
and who can feel the pain and pleasures of others as one’s
own, O Arjuna.
METHODS TO SUBDUE THE RESTLESS MIND
said: O Krishna, You have said that the yoga of meditation is characterized
by the equanimity of mind, but due to restlessness of mind I do
not perceive the steady state of mind. Because the mind, indeed,
is very unsteady, turbulent, powerful, and obstinate, O Krishna.
I think restraining the mind is as difficult as restraining the
Krishna said: Undoubtedly, O Arjuna, the mind is restless and difficult
to restrain, but it is subdued by any constant vigorous spiritual
practice ¾ such as meditation ¾ with perseverance,
and by detachment, O Arjuna.
My opinion, yoga is difficult for the one whose mind is not subdued.
However, yoga is attainable by the person of subdued mind by striving
through proper means.
OF UNSUCCESSFUL YOGI
said: The faithful who deviates from the path of meditation and
fails to attain yogic perfection due to unsubdued mind — what
is the destination of such a person, O Krishna?
they not perish like a dispersing cloud, O Krishna, having lost
both the heavenly and the worldly pleasures, supportless and bewildered
on the path of Self-realization?
Krishna, only You are able to completely dispel this doubt of mine.
Because there is none, other than You, who can dispel this doubt.
Krishna said: There is no destruction, O Arjuna, for a yogi either
here or hereafter. A transcendentalist is never put to grief, My
less evolved unsuccessful yogi is reborn in the house of the pious
and prosperous after attaining heaven and living there for many
years. The highly evolved unsuccessful yogi does not go to heaven,
but is born in a spiritually advanced family. A birth like this
is very difficult, indeed, to obtain in this world.
he or she regains the knowledge acquired in the previous life, and
strives again to achieve perfection, O Arjuna.
unsuccessful yogi is instinctively carried towards God by virtue
of the impressions of yogic practices of previous lives. Even the
inquirer of yoga ¾ the union with God ¾ surpasses
those who perform Vedic rituals.
yogi, who diligently strives, becomes completely free from all imperfections
after gradually perfecting through many incarnations, and reaches
the Supreme Abode.
IS THE BEST YOGI
yogi, who is devoted to meditation, is superior to the ascetics.
The yogi is superior to the Vedic scholars. The yogi is superior
to the ritualists. Therefore, O Arjuna, be a yogi.
I consider the yogi-devotee ¾ who lovingly contemplates on
Me with supreme faith, and whose mind is ever absorbed in Me ¾
to be the best of all the yogis.